Chiefs - Galafilm
Sitting Bull, Sioux Poundmaker, Cree Joseph Brant, Mohawk Black Hawk, Sauk Pontiac, Ottawa

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Skenandoah
(1706?-1816)
Names Deer
Band Oneida
Highlights Supported the British in the French-Indian War
Switched allegiance and supported the Americans during the Revolution
Believed to have lived to the age of 110
Biography

When George Washington's men were starving at Valley Forge, Skenandoah sent baskets of corn.
Skenandoah was a prominent Oneida chief best known for switching his allegiance during the American Revolution. He supported the British during the French-Indian War; however, just prior to the American Revolution, he officially declared his tribe's neutral stance - which soon shifted to support for the Americans.
In 1766, Samuel Kirkland, an American missionary, began living with the Oneida. He adopted many of their customs, but at the same time preached Christian ways. He was largely responsible for persuading the Oneida to abandon their neutral stance and support the Americans. Skenandoah, who was a close personal friend to Samuel Kirkland, began sending some warriors to help the Americans. When George Washington's men were starving at Valley Forge, Skenandoah sent baskets of corn. Skenandoah also informed residents of German Flats, New York, that Joseph Brant and the British Loyalists were going to raid their town. The settlers were able to save themselves, but lost all their property and possessions. In recognition of Skenandoah's invaluable support, George Washington named the Shenandoah Valley after him.
Following the American Revolution, Skenandoah remained the principal chief of the Oneida. In 1816, Skenandoah died. Per his request, he was buried next to Samuel Kirkland at Hamilton College cemetery in Clinton, New York.
"Our wise forefathers established union and amity between the five nations. This has made us formidable. This has given us great weight and authority with our neighboring nations. We are a powerful Confederacy, and by your observing the same methods our wise forefathers have taken you will acquire much strength and power; therefore, whatever befalls you, do not fall out with one another."
Canasetoga, Onondaga: advice to 18th century American colonists
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Fighting for the cause of American liberty and independence, the Oneida Nation sent its warriors to battlegrounds ranging from Valley Forge, PA to the Canadian border of New York during the Revolution. This alliance is still honored today.